Albert Schoenhut (1848-1912) was born in Wurtenberg, Germany to a toy-making family. His father and grandfather made wooden dolls, rocking horses, and wagons. At a young age, Albert began making toy pianos in his home. The hammers on the early toy pianos struck a sounding bar made of glass instead of the strings used on real pianos. He later exchanged the glass bars for those made of metal, making the instruments more durable. Albert's toy pianos, more than just playthings, stayed in tune and were accompanied by sheet music to encourage children to play.
In 1866, John Dahl, a buyer for Wanamaker's department store, heard of young Albert's talent and brought the 17-year old to Philadelphia where he worked as a repairman on glass sounding pieces in German toy pianos that had been damaged in shipping.Schoenhut piano demonstration:
Albert struck out on his own in 1872, founding the Schoenhut Piano Company. As his toy piano business grew, Albert added other instruments including a ukulele-banjo, xylophone, and glockenspiel. He also expanded his line to include dolls, circus figures, and toys.
By the time of Albert's death in 1912, Schoenhut Piano Company was the largest toy company in America and the first in the United States to export toys to Germany.
Schoenhut pianos and baby grand pianos have 18, 25, 30 or 37 keys.