Effanbee was founded ca. 1910 in NY city and the company started producing Effanbee dolls in 1912. The name stands for the company founders Bernard Fleischaker and Hugo Baum, hence F & B. The firm became well known for being the first doll company to made Patsy, a realistically proportioned doll. The Effanbee Company made hard rubber, composition, cloth, vinly and hard plastic dolls.
Effanbee's most famous, iconic doll was 'Patsy', and she was designed in 1927 by Bernard Lipfert. Patsy depicted a 3-year-old girl with a trendy bob hair cut. Later other Effanbee dolls were introduced as Patsy's friends and also a boyfriend named 'Skippy'. Did you know that Patsy had her own fan club, with over 275,000 members?
Effanbee produced a series of clothes, specifically designed for Patsy, making her one of the first dolls to come with her own wardrobe. The original price in the 1950s for one doll was $29.95 which was very expensive at the time. Famous and popular dolls that have been produced by Effanbee include: Patsy, Skippy, Patsyette, Dydee Baby, Little Lady, Tintair, Ann Shirley, Brenda Starr, American Children by Dewees Cochran, and many more.
Noma Electric purchased the company in 1946. The firm was bought and sold many times over the next 50 years. Vintage Effanbee dolls are great collectibles. Vintage, pre-1960 Effanbee dolls in original (and mint!) condition are highly sought after. However, most vinyl dolls from the 1970s and 1980s sell under their original price.
A new group of investors including the son of the original founders, Bernard Baum, bought the company back in 1953 and during the 1950s, the firm gradually phased out hard plastic dolls in favor of vinyl. They introduced a line of high-heeled glamour dolls and ballerinas, like Jr. Miss Ballerina.
The following mold numbers are attributed to Effanbee: 7c, 27c, 24, 34, 52, 54, 56, 58, 70, 72, 74, 102, 104, 106, 108, 116, 124N, DECO 144, 152, 156, 158, 162, 166, 176, 172, 174, 201, 303, 334, 364, 455, 462, 802, DECO, FanB, F & B, F + B - N.Y. Dco, F + B Dco 6cj N.Y., Patent Pending.
Look here for an Effanbee doll taken apart.